Knit Composite: Machines Used in Dyeing and Apparel Factory

Feb 07, 2023

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Knit composite refers to the whole process of dyeing yarn to fully knitted readymade items that are ready for shipment to the consumer. A knit composite factory involves several stages and operations, such as yarn dyeing, knitting, fabric dyeing, washing, printing, embroidery, garment manufacture, and so on. This article has provided a complete list of the machinery used in a knit composite manufacturing.


Knit Composite

Knit Composite Process List:

In the textile business, a knit composite plant has the following process sections:


  • Yarn Dyeing Section:

    Before the fabric production step, the yarns are coloured in yarn dyeing. Yarn dyeing can take place in hanks or in packages. Package dyeing is a dyeing technique in which yarns are coiled on perforated cones and put in a dye tank. The dye solution is then alternately pumped inside and outside.

  • Knitting Section:

    Knit textiles may be stretched to a higher extent than woven fabrics. Weft knits (including plain, rib, purl, pattern, and double knits) and warp knits (including tricot, raschel, and milanese) are the two primary forms of knits.

  • Knit Fabrics Dyeing:

    Knit dyeing is a method of coloring knitted materials. Knitted textiles are dyed using either the exhaust method or a batch-wise approach. Knit dyeing is quite similar to yarn dyeing, although there are significant differences in quality measurement.

  • Dyeing Finishing:

    The technique of adding natural colors to textiles and materials is known as dyeing finishing. Red, yellow, and blue are the main colors. Finishing dyeing may be done in a variety of methods, including natural dying and artificial dying. The most prevalent method of finishing is dyeing.

  • Washing Section:

    Garment washing is the technique that is utilized to change the appearance, size, viewpoint, comfort capabilities, and fashion of clothing. It is mostly used on denim and other clothing. A garment is given a profitable economical and glossy look throughout the washing procedure.

  • Allover Print Section:

    An all over print (also known as all-over-print) in streetwear fashion is a print made of a design that is repeated across the whole surface of a garment. The artwork appears on both the front and back of the card. Such prints are frequently screen printed.

  • Screen Printing Section:

    Screen printing is the method of using ink, a mesh screen, and a squeegee to transfer a stenciled image on a flat surface. Although paper and cloth are the most common substrates for screen printing, metal, plastic, glass, and wood can also be printed on.

  • Embroidery Section:

    The embroidery area of the clothing manufacturing business is one of the most essential. It is one of the unique duties completed in accordance with the buyer’s specifications. Historically, needlework was done by hand. However, it is currently done using a computerized process.

  • Knit Garments Cutting Section:

    In general, cutting is the process of dividing (sectioning, bending, slicing) a spread into garment sections that are the precise size and shape of the pattern pieces on a marker.

  • Knit Garments Sewing Section:

    Sewing is the connection of several elements of the cut pieces. There are several operators at this workplace who do a single operation. All of these factors influence which pieces of the garment may be stitched at that station.

  • Knit Garments Finishing Section:

    Finishing is the final procedure of preparing packaged clothing for sale. As a result, it is one of the most crucial stages in the entire garment production process. In the garment business, the finishing division is responsible for garment cleaning, checking, final inspection, pressing, packing, and so on.

  • Factory Utility Section:

    Steam, electric power, water, compressed air, gasoline, sewage, refrigeration, hydraulic fluid, CIP (clean in place) chemicals, and nitrogen or carbon dioxide are examples of common utilities.


Dyeing Section:

In the textile business, dyeing refers to the process of changing textile material physically or chemically so that it appears fairly uniformly colored. There are three types of dyeing machines used in wet processing technologies based on textile materials: fiber dyeing machines, yarn dyeing machines, and fabric dyeing machines.


Yarn Dyeing Machine - Knit Composite


Types of Yarn Dyeing Machine:
Hank Form:
  • Pulsator hank dyeing machine,
  • Hussong hank dyeing machine,
  • Clauder Weldon hank dyeing machine,
  • H.S. hank dyeing machine.


Package Form:
  • Cheese dyeing machine,
  • Cop dyeing machine,
  • Warp dyeing machine.


I. Cop Dyeing Machine List:
  • Long close cop dyeing machine,
  • Mather and Platt cop dyeing machine,
  • Beaumont cop dyeing machine.


II. Cheese Dyeing Machine List:
  • Franklin cheese dyeing machine,
  • Ober Maier cheese dyeing machine,
  • Krantz cheese dyeing machine.


III. Warp Dyeing Machine List:
  • Ball warp dyeing machine,
  • Zittau warp dyeing machine,
  • Chain warp dyeing machine.


Fabric Dyeing Machine - Knit Composite


Types of Fabric Dyeing Machine:
  • Jigger dyeing machine,
  • Jet dyeing machine,
  • Beam dyeing machine,
  • High-temperature winch dyeing machine,
  • Pad/padding mangle dyeing machine,
  • Winch dyeing machine,
  • Solvent dyeing machine,
  • Molter metal stands fast dyeing machine.


Knitting Section - Knit Composite


Knitting Section:

Knitting is the method of producing textiles from a sequence of linked loops of yarn in a weft or warp direction. The knitting process is divided into two parts: warp knitting and weft knitting.

Types of Knitting Machine:
  • Circular knitting machine,
  • V-bed knitting machine,
  • Mechanical Interlock circular knitting machine,
  • Electronic Interlock circular knitting machine,
  • Rib circular knitting machine,
  • Interlock circular knitting machine,
  • V- Bed automatic knitting machine,
  • Tricot warp knitting machine,
  • Automatic socks knitting machine,
  • Straight bar frame knitting machine,
  • Jacquard circular knitting machine,
  • Collar Cuff V- bed automatic knitting machine,
  • Linking machine,
  • Raschel warp knitting machine,
  • Hand socks knitting machine.


Printing Section:

One method of dyeing is printing. Printing is the process of using numerous colors to create a specific design on textile items. Printing on textile items is often done in a dry state. All overprinting, screen printing, transfer printing, photographic printing, and other popular printing processes are included here.


Types of Printing Machines:
All Over Printing Machine List:

The machines listed below were utilized in the all-over printing division of a knit composite factory:


  • Rotary printing machine,
  • Flat-bed printing machine,
  • Loop steamer,
  • Washing machine,
  • Stenter machine,
  • Compactor Machine,
  • Screen washing dry machine,
  • Flat-screen dryer machine,
  • Flat-screen coating machine,
  • Screen engraver,
  • Screen banding,
  • Rotary sample paint machine.


Screen Printing Machine List:

The machinery listed below have been utilized in the screen printing part of a knit composite factory:


  • Grundig,
  • Light Expose,
  • Flash cure,
  • Easy,
  • Manual,
  • V-2002 EX,
  • Curing oven machine,
  • Hit Press machine.


Embroidery Section:

Embroidery is a type of craft that involves embellishing cloth or other materials with a needle and thread or yarn. It may also absorb additional materials like as beads, pearls, and sequins. Embroidery is most typically seen on dress shirts, jeans, hats, stockings, and other similar items. Whitework embroidery, candlewick embroidery, cross-stitch embroidery, pulled thread embroidery, hereby embroidery, and other styles of embroidery are employed in clothes.


Types of Embroidery Machine:
  • Wuhan Golden,
  • Wuhan Golden,
  • Yueming,
  • Sun Star,
  • Laser Cutter,
  • Hashima,


Knit Garments Manufacturing Section:

There is also a cutting, stitching, and finishing portion, as with the woven clothes manufacturing division. All of the machinery names utilized in the fabric cutting and sewing department of the clothing manufacturing facility are listed here.


Different Types of Fabric Cutting Machine:
  • Straight knife cutting machine,
  • Band knife cutting machine,
  • Drill cutting machine,
  • Computer-controlled knife cutting machine,
  • Laser cutting machine,
  • Water jet cutting machine,
  • Air jet cutting machine,
  • Plasma torch cutting machine,
  • Round knife cutting machine,
  • Die-cutting machine,
  • Notcher cutting machine,
  • Rib cutting machine,
  • Ultrasonic cutting machine.


Types of Sewing Machine:
  • Single needle lock stitch machine,
  • Three thread overlock machine,
  • Four thread overlock machine,
  • Six thread overlock machine,
  • Flat Lock cylinder bed machine,
  • Flatlock small head machine,
  • Flatlock fabric trimmer machine,
  • Flatlock tape binding machine,
  • Flatlock narrow head machine,
  • Flatlock top feeder machine,
  • Two-needle vertical machine,
  • Two-needle lock stitch machine,
  • Flat-bed machine,
  • Latch attaching machine,
  • Back tape attaching machine,
  • Single needle chain stitch machine,
  • Button attaching machine,
  • Pivoting and fagoting machine,
  • Buttonhole machine,
  • Single needle zigzag machine,
  • Snap button machine,
  • Rib cutter machine,
  • 4 Needle flat seamer machine,
  • 2 Needle fit of the arms machine,
  • 3 Needle fit of the arms machine,
  • Bartack machine,
  • Shirring & smoking machine,
  • Elastic attaching machine.

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